Mapping Diversity

Mapping Diversity is a platform for discovering key facts about diversity and representation in street names across Europe, and to spark a debate about who is missing from our urban spaces.

We looked at the names of 155,468 streets across 32 major European cities, located in 19 different countries. More than 90% of the streets named after individuals are dedicated to white men. Where did all the other inhabitants of Europe end up? The lack of diversity in toponymy speaks volumes about our past and contributes to shaping Europe’s present and future.

Browse by country

Austria (1)
Belgium (1)
Croatia (1)
Czechia (1)
Denmark (1)
France (2)
Germany (2)
Greece (1)
Hungary (2)
Moldova (1)
Norway (1)
Portugal (1)
Romania (2)
Sweden (1)
Switzerland (1)
Ukraine (1)

Who is honored by our streets?

Examining the lack of representation in street names across Europe

Take a stroll through any major European city and you'll notice a trend in the names of its streets. They typically honour the same type of people: white men who were either wealthy, influential, or both. It's a subtle yet powerful reminder of who our society values, or has valued, and who it doesn't. This platform explores the lack of diversity in the street names of 32 cities from 19 different European countries, monitoring a total of 56,852 streets named after an individual. The overall result already hints at the problem: only 9% of these are named after a woman, that is 5,247.

The numbers

5,247 streets
51,305 streets
300 streets
Created by

Behind these numbers there is broad variability between cities, although none come close to any kind of gender equality in street names. Stockholm tops the ranking with 19.5% of its streets named after women, followed by Madrid (18.7%) and Sevilla (17.2%). Debrecen, with 2.7%, has the lowest share of streets honouring women, at least among the cities monitored so far. It sits at the bottom of the ranking, preceded by Prague (4.3%) and Athens (4.5%).

Share of streets named after a woman out of the streets dedicated to individuals

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Lack of diversity in street names speaks of our past, but talks to our future

The preponderance of male figures in our streets is not only evidence of a historical and cultural fact, but also a force, subliminal but constant, that contributes to perpetuating the marginalization of female contributions in history, art, culture, or the sciences. Women honoured by European street names may be few and far between, but who are they? What are the characteristics of those who are visible, and who remains invisible?

Women's legacies in European cities

Overall, the 32 different cities under consideration honour 3,088 unique women from a variety of backgrounds. The Virgin Mary is the most frequent name, with 369 street dedications, in 26 of the 32 cities. For comparison, the most popular man, Peter, has 52 street dedications. The second most common female street name is also religious: Saint Anne, after whom 37 streets in 20 different cities are named.

The most popular women figures

Virgin Mary
Saint Anne
Marie Curie
Mary Magdalene
Teresa of Ávila
Catherine of Alexandria
Saint Barbara
Clare of Assisi
Saint Lucy
Helena Augusta
Margaret the Virgin
Margherita of Savoy
Eulalia of Barcelona
Saint Cecilia
Stefania Sempołowska
Saint Ursula
Mother Teresa

While Virgin Mary and Saint Anne are the most frequent women's names in the cities surveyed, the majority of streets named after a woman do not honour a religious person. Instead, about half of such streets are named after women who made significant contributions in the field of culture, science and arts, with writer being the most common profession. However, there are differences between cities, particularly with respect to the prevalence of religious names.

Percentage of streets honouring men and women by field

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Geographically, European cities tend to honour women who... well, unsurprisingly were born in Europe! There are however a few exceptions to this trend, for example in the case of biblical and religious figures.

Birth places of women with street dedications

© Map data from OpenStreetMap
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The majority of women with a street dedication belong to late modern history, mostly to the 19th and 20th century. The most recent figure with street dedications in multiple countries is Anna Politkovskaya, the Russian journalist and activist murdered in 2006, with streets named after her in Prague, Paris, and Rome.

Number of individuals who were alive per year (men / women)

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While changing street names alone may not be sufficient for creating a more equitable society, we cannot overlook the stereotypes and collective perceptions that are reinforced when 90.2% of street names are dedicated to men. Below you find the list of all the women with a street dedication in the 32 monitored cities. Who are the women who remain largely invisible in our public spaces?

Who were these women?

Aagot Tveter
Aasta Hansteen
Abadessa Olzet
Abel Cathrine von der Wisch
Acca Larentia
Ada Christen
Ada Gobetti
Ada Lovelace
Ada Negri
Ada Nilsson
Ada Sari
Adela Balboa y Gómez
Adelaide Aglietta
Adelaide Cabete cuuuu
Adelaide Cairoli
Adelaide Coari
Adelaide Félix
Adelaide Ristori
Adelaide del Vasto
Adelaide of Burgundy
Adele Bei
Adele Bloch-Bauer
Adele Hartmann
Adele Jellinek
Adele Maria Jemolo
Adele Martignoni
Adele Sandrock
Adele Schreiber
Adele Worm
Adele Zoagli
Adelheid Krahmer
Adelheid Popp
Adelheid von Hedemann
Adelheid von Poninska
Adelina Abranches
Adelina Patti
Adelmunda Brandl
Adina Mandlová
Adriana de Vecchi
Adrienne Avril de Sainte-Croix
Adrienne Gessner
Adrienne Lecouvreur
Adèle Clémence de Strooper
Adélaïde Perrin
Aelia Sabina
Agatha Bârsescu
Agatha Christie
Agatha of Sicily
Agathe Backer Grøndahl
Agnes Bernauer
Agnes Fink
Agnes Hacker
Agnes Henningsen
Agnes Kraus
Agnes Kunze
Agnes Lagerstedt
Agnes Miegel
Agnes Neuhaus
Agnes Pockels
Agnes Primocic
Agnes Straub
Agnes Thorsen
Agnes Wabnitz
Agnes of Bohemia
Agnes of Germany
Agnes of Rome
Agnes von Zahn-Harnack
Agnesa Roșca
Agnetha Fältskog
Agustina de Aragón
Aimée Millot
Alba Gulì
Alba de Céspedes y Bertini
Albertine Amalie Louise Schön
Albina of Caesarea
Alda Costa
Alda Merini
Aldona of Lithuania
Aleksandra Gabrysiak
Aleksandra Śląska
Alena Santarová
Alessandra Macinghi
Alessandrina Ravizza
Alex Wedding
Alexandra Mikhailovna Kulish
Alexandrine Lepeu
Alfonsina Strada
Alice Archenhold
Alice Berend
Alice Domon
Alice Guy-Blaché
Alice Hirsch
Alice Lyttkens
Alice Milliat
Alice Pestana
Alice Salomon
Alice de Castonier
Alida Valli
Alina Pienkowska
Alina Szapocznikow
Alina Ślesińska
Alla Horska
Alla Tarasova
Alma Johanna Koenig
Alma Rosé
Alma Seidler
Alma Siedhoff-Buscher
Alva Myrdal
Alyssa Julya Smith
Amalberga of Maubeuge
Amalia Bettini
Amalia Domingo Soler
Amalia Guglielminetti
Amalia Lindegren
Amalia Loring y Heredia
Amalia Torrijos Rodríguez
Amalia of Oldenburg
Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
Amalie Haizinger
Amalie Hohenester
Amalie Materna
Amalie Seidel
Amalie Skram
Amanda Stassart
Amandine Giraud
Amelia Camboni
Amelia Earhart
Amelia Piccinini
Amelia Pinto
Amelia of Girona
Amelie Beese
Amicie Piou
Amália Rodrigues
Amélia Rey Colaço
Amélie Gomand
Amélie Pihan de Laforest
Amélie of Orléans
América Martínez Serrano
Ana Barbu
Ana Mariscal
Ana María Martínez Sagi
Ana María Matute
Ana Orantes
Ana Racoviţă-Davila
Ana de Castro Osório
Ana de Jesús
Ana de Mendoza, Princess of Eboli
Anastasia Moruzi
Anastasia of Sirmium
Anaïs Nin
Ancilla Marighetto
Ancuța Brâncoveanu
Anda Călugăreanu
Andreina Sacco
Andrée De Jongh
Andrée Dupeyron
Andrée Jacob
Andrée Payfa
Andrée Putman
Anežka Malá
Angela Giussani
Angela Merici
Angela Păduraru
Angela Salawa
Angela Stadtherr
Angela of the Cross
Angela von den Driesch
Angelica Balabanoff
Angelica Kauffmann
Angelika Lex
Angeliki Chadzimichali
Angelina Lanza Damiani
Angelina Vidal
Angeline of Marsciano
Angélique Compoint
Aniela Krzywoń
Anita Augspurg
Anita Delgado
Anita Garibaldi
Anitta Müller-Cohen
Anka Krizmanić
Anna Amalia of Prussia
Anna Banti
Anna Barbera Krötz
Anna Bastel
Anna Boch
Anna Boschek
Anna Bruseberg
Anna Capodaglio
Anna Castelli Ferrieri
Anna Croissant-Rust
Anna Dandler
Anna Ebermann
Anna Figl
Anna Fortino
Anna Foà
Anna Franchi
Anna Frauer
Anna German
Anna Grobecker
Anna Hand
Anna Jagiellon
Anna Jasińska
Anna Kallina
Anna Kuliscioff
Anna Kántorné Engelhardt
Anna Kéthly
Anna Letenská
Anna Libera
Anna Lindh
Anna Lindhagen
Anna Lizaran
Anna Lorenzetto
Anna Louisa Karsch
Anna Mackenroth
Anna Magnani
Anna Maria Enriques Agnoletti
Anna Maria Lenngren
Anna Maria Mozzoni
Anna Maria Ortese
Anna Maria Rubatto
Anna Maria Taigi
Anna Marly
Anna Michelotti
Anna Mochow
Anna Müller
Anna Nemitz
Anna Nicolosi Grasso
Anna Oetting
Anna Perenna
Anna Piasecka
Anna Pleym
Anna Politkovskaya
Anna Radziwiłł
Anna Reitmor
Anna Rogstad
Anna Rosa Gattorno
Anna Rynkowska
Anna Rúbies i Monjonell
Anna Sageder
Anna Sandström
Anna Seghers
Anna Sethne
Anna Siemsen
Anna Stecksén
Anna Szwed-Śniadowska
Anna Walentynowicz
Anna Whitlock
Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain
Anna von Gierke
Anna Åbergsson
Anna Čížková
Anna Świrszczyńska
Anna, Grand Duchess of Lithuania
Anna-Lülja Praun
Anna-Maria Müller
Annalena Tonelli
Anne Brontë
Anne Frank
Anne Henriette of Bavaria
Anne Jaclard
Anne Kure
Anne of Denmark, Electress of Saxony
Anne of France
Anne of Kyiv
Anne of Saint Bartholomew
Anne-Marie Carrière
Anne-Marie Javouhey
Annelies Kupper
Anneliese Fleyenschmidt
Annemarie Renger
Annette Kolb
Annette von Aretin
Annette von Droste-Hülshoff
Anni Albers
Anni Haider
Anni-Frid Lyngstad
Annia Faustina
Annie Cordy
Annie Girardot
Annie Rosar
Annie Vivanti
Annie von Hammerstein
Annunciata Astoria Cocchetti
Anny Katan-Rosenberg
Antoinette Fouque
Antoinette Van Gulick
Antonia Domínguez y Borrell
Antonia Díaz Fernández de Lamarque
Antonia Pozzi
Antonie Adamberger
Antonie Alt
Antonie Baumberg
Antonie Link
Antonie Platzer
Antonie Schläger
Antonietta Klitsche de la Grange
Antonietta Raphael
Antonina Hoffmann
Antoñita Colomé
Antónia Pusich
Anyte of Tegea
Apolonia Ogryczakowa
Appia Annia Regilla
Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria
Archduchess Gisela of Austria
Archduchess Hermine of Austria
Archduchess Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este
Archduchess Marie Henriette of Austria
Aretha Franklin
Argentina Altobelli
Aristizza Romanescu
Armida Barelli
Arminda Correia
Artemisia Gentileschi
Ascensión García Ortiz
Aslaug Vaa
Asta Nielsen
Astri Taube
Astrid Lindgren
Astrid Olofsdotter
Astrid of Sweden
Aud Schønemann
Audrey Hepburn
Augusta Déjerine-Klumpke
Augusta Holmès
Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Auguste Fickert
Auguste Halbmeier
Auguste Hauschner
Auguste Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein
Aura Abranches
Aura Buzescu
Aurea of Ostia
Aurelia of Strasbourg
Aurora Argibay Iglesias
Aurora Bertrana
Aurora Redondo
Aurélie Nemours
Aurélie Solvay
Ave Ninchi
Balbina Valverde
Bally Prell
Baltazara Calderón
Barbara Allason
Barbara Hesse-Bukowska
Barbara Kostrzewska
Barbara Ludwiżanka
Barbara Marchisio
Barbara McClintock
Barbara Prammer
Barbara Radziwiłł
Barbara Sadowska
Barbara Sass
Barbara Zbrożyna
Barbro Alving
Barbro Stigsdotter
Bartolomea Capitanio
Beata Artemska
Beata Obertyńska
Beata Sparre
Beatrice Cenci
Beatrice Zweig
Beatrice d’Este
Beatrice of Portugal
Beatrice of Silva
Beatrice von Dovsky
Beatrix Kempf
Beatriz Fernández de Bobadilla
Beatriz Galindo
Beatriz de Ahumada
Bella Dorita
Benedetta Cappa
Berenice Abbott
Bergljot Haakonsdatter
Bernadette Soubirous
Bernarda Ferreira de Lacerda
Berta Boncza
Berta Cardoso
Berta Karlik
Berta Morena
Berta Waterstradt
Berta Zuckerkandl
Bertha Benz
Bertha Eckstein
Bertha Kipfmüller
Bertha Rasch
Bertha von Suttner
Berthe Morisot
Bertl Hayde
Berty Albrecht
Bessie Coleman
Bet Figueras
Bettina von Arnim
Betty Ambiveri
Betty Bartlett-Ambatielos
Betty Fischer
Betty Hirsch
Betty Paoli
Betty Roose
Betzy Kjelsberg
Bianca Bianchi
Bianca Maria Visconti
Bianca Milesi
Bianca of Savoy
Bice Valori
Birgit Jürgenssen
Birgit Nilsson
Blanca de los Ríos
Blanche Aubry
Blanche Caton
Blanche I of Navarre
Blanche II of Navarre
Blanche Lefebvre
Blanche of Castile
Blanche of Namur
Blanka Teleki
Blasa Pérez
Bodil Ipsen
Bona Peiser
Bozena Jandlova
Božena Hofmeisterová
Božena Laglerová
Božena Němcová
Božena Stárková
Branca Edmée Marques
Branca de Gonta Colaço
Bridget of Sweden
Brigida Maria Postorino
Brigida Morello
Brigit of Kildare
Brigitte Neumeister
Brigitte Reimann
Brita Ellström
Bronislava of Poland
Brunhilda of Austrasia
Brunilde Júdice
Bärbel Bohley
Béatrix Dussane
Caecilia Metella
Cajsa Warg
Camilla Cederna
Camilla Collett
Camilla Ravera
Camilla Virginia Savelli Farnese
Camille Claudel
Camille du Gast
Candida Maria of Jesus
Carla Capponi
Carlamaria Heim
Carlota O'Neill
Carlota de Mena i Zamora
Carlotta Benettini Martini
Carlotta Marchionni
Carlotta Marchisio
Carme Chacón
Carmen Amaya Amaya
Carmen Bravo-Villasante
Carmen Cobeña
Carmen Conde
Carmen Díaz
Carmen Laffón
Carmen Laforet
Carmen Martín Gaite
Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco, 2nd Duchess of Franco
Carmen Montoriol Puig
Carmen Olmedo Checa
Carmen Rico Godoy
Carmen Tórtola Valencia
Carmen de Burgos
Carola Neher
Carola of Vasa
Carolina Beatriz Ângelo
Carolina Coronado
Carolina Invernizio
Carolina Michaëlis de Vasconcelos
Carolina Santocanale
Caroline Aigle
Caroline Augusta of Bavaria
Caroline Herschel
Caroline of Baden
Caroline von Humboldt
Carry Brachvogel
Casilda of Toledo
Catalina Micaela of Spain
Catalina Suárez Marcayda
Catalina de Ribera
Caterina Albert
Caterina Cittadini
Caterina Martinelli
Caterina Scarpellini
Caterina Segurana
Caterina Sforza
Catherine Labouré
Catherine de La Rochefoucauld
Catherine of Alexandria
Catherine of Austria, Queen of Portugal
Catherine of Genoa
Catherine of Siena
Catherine of Sweden, Countess Palatine of Kleeburg
Cecilia Cuțescu-Storck
Cecilia Deganutti
Cecilie Thoresen Krog
Cecilie, Crown Princess of Germany
Cecylia Śniegocka
Cecília Meireles
Ceija Stojka
Celeste Clericetti
Celia Grillo Borromeo
Centa Beimler
Centa Hafenbrädl
Cesina Bermudes
Cesira Fiori
Cesária Évora
Chana Orloff
Chantal Akerman
Charlotte Ammundsen
Charlotte Brontë
Charlotte E. Pauly
Charlotte Eisenblätter
Charlotte Garrigue
Charlotte Munck
Charlotte Perriand
Charlotte Salomon
Charlotte Weinmann
Charlotte Wolter
Charlotte of Mexico
Cheikha Rimitti
Chiara Bosatta
Christel Küpper
Christel Sembach-Krone
Christiane Vulpius
Christina Gyllenstierna
Christina Nilsson
Christina of Bolsena
Christina of Denmark
Christine Enghaus
Christine Nöstlinger
Christine Touaillon
Christine de Pizan
Christine of France
Christl Zimmerl
Christl-Marie Schultes
Cilli Löwinger
Ciriaca di Roma
Claire Heyman
Claire Waldoff
Claire Watson
Clara Bohm-Schuch
Clara Campoamor
Clara Clairbert
Clara Grunwald
Clara Immerwahr
Clara Jaschke
Clara Maffei
Clara Mleinek
Clara Müller-Jahnke
Clara Pontoppidan
Clara Schumann
Clara Viebig
Clara Zetkin
Clara Ziegler
Clara del Rey
Clara von Simson
Clare of Assisi
Clarice Tartufari
Clarissa Jean-Philippe
Claudia Heill
Claudia Muzio
Claudia Quinta
Clelia Bertini Attilj
Clelia Merloni
Clementina Arderiu
Cloe Elmo
Clorinda Menguzzato
Clotilde Bizolon
Clotilde de Vaux
Clémence Royer
Coco Chanel
Colette Besson
Colette Heilbronner
Colette Magny
Colomba Antonietti
Colomba Gabriel
Columba of Sens
Concepción Aleixandre Ballester
Concepción Arenal
Concettina Ramondetta Fileti
Concha Caballero
Concha Espina
Conchita Badía
Conchita Montenegro
Conchita Montes
Conchita Supervía
Constance of Sicily
Constanze Hallgarten
Constança Capdeville
Consuelo Rubio
Conxa Pérez Collado
Cora Berliner
Cora Sandel
Cora Vaucaire
Cosima Wagner
Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde
Countess Louise Henriette of Nassau
Countess Palatine Maria Anna of Sulzbach
Cristina Trivulzio Belgiojoso
Cunigunde of Luxembourg
Cvijeta Zuzorić
Cyla Wiesenthal
Càndida Pérez i Martínez
Cécile Brunschvicg
Cécile Chaminade
Cécile Furtado-Heine
Dagmar of Bohemia
Dana Medřická
Danielle Casanova
Danielle Faÿnel-Duclos
Danuta Siedzikówna
Dea Trier Mørch
Delia Scala
Delmira Agustini
Denise Darcel
Denise Joussot
Denise Vernay
Despo Botsi
Dian Fossey
Diana Alexandra Donea
Diana, Princess of Wales
Diane de Poitiers
Dina Galli
Diná Silveira de Queirós
Doamna Chiajna
Doamna Despina Miliţa
Doamna Elena
Doamna Stanca
Doina Aldea-Teodorovici
Doina Cornea
Dolores Ibárruri
Dolores Palumbo
Dolores Romero Arano
Dolors Batlle i Sunyer
Dolors Lleonart i Casanovas
Dolors Masferrer i Bosch
Dolors Monserdà i Vidal
Dolors Piera
Domitia Calvilla
Domnița Florica
Donca Simo
Dora Benjamin
Dora Keplinger
Dora Mendler
Dora Pejačević
Dora Pfanova
Dora d'Istria
Doris Lessing
Dorota Kłuszyńska
Dorothea Erxleben
Dorothea Lange
Dorothea Neff
Dorothea Stutkowski
Dorothea Viehmann
Dorothea of Caesarea
Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Dorothea von Schlegel
Dorottya Kanizsai
Dragojla Jarnević
Duchess Anna I, Duchess of Prussia
Duchess Charlotte Friederike of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg
Dulce Chacón
Dulce del Moral
Dulcie September
Dwoire Weinfeld
Dyveke Sigbritsdatter
Déryné Róza Széppataki
Ebba Lund
Ebe Stignani
Ecaterina Teodoroiu
Edel Saunte
Edit Domján
Edita Broglio
Edith Cavell
Edith Kiss
Edith Rode
Edith Schollwer
Edith Stein
Eduarda Lapa
Edwige Feuillère
Eileen Gray
Eleanor of Arborea
Eleanor of Austria
Eleanor of Provence
Eleanor of Sicily
Eleanor of Viseu
Elena Alistar
Elena Caragiani-Stoenescu
Elena Cuza
Elena Fabrizi
Elena Farago
Elena Fortún
Elena Milashina
Elena Teodorini
Elena Văcărescu
Elena of Montenegro
Eleni Skoura
Eleonora Curlo Ruffini
Eleonora Duse
Eleonora Fonseca Pimentel
Eleonora Hiltl
Eleonore Romberg
Elettra Pollastrini
Elfi Althoff-Jacobi
Elfriede Gerstl
Elfriede Kuhr
Elfriede Tygör
Eli Møller
Elin Falk
Elin Wägner
Elina Júlia Chaves Pereira Guimarães
Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu
Elisa Moragas i Badia
Elisa Ochoa
Elisa Ruiz Romero
Elisabeth Abegg
Elisabeth Baerlein
Elisabeth Bergner
Elisabeth Charlotte Gloeden
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern
Elisabeth Dane
Elisabeth Dmitrieff
Elisabeth Dudek
Elisabeth Eidenbenz
Elisabeth Feller
Elisabeth Flickenschildt
Elisabeth Freundlich
Elisabeth Jost
Elisabeth Kaeser
Elisabeth Kohn
Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria
Elisabeth Mann Borgese
Elisabeth Olin
Elisabeth Plainacher
Elisabeth Schampaert
Elisabeth Schiemann
Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt
Elisabeth Selbert
Elisabeth Tamm
Elisabeth Winterhalter
Elisabeth of Swabia
Elisabeth of Valois
Elisabeth of the Holy Trinity
Elisabeth zu Guttenberg
Elisabetta Canori Mora
Elise Aulinger
Elise Freinet
Elise Georges
Elise Hampel
Elise Polko
Elise Richter
Elise Sørensen
Elisenda de Pinós
Elisenda of Montcada
Eliza Orzeszkowa
Elizabeth Alexeievna (Louise of Baden)
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Elizabeth Charlotte, Princess Palatine
Elizabeth T. Spira
Elizabeth of Aragon
Elizabeth of Bohemia
Elizabeth of Hungary
Elizabeth of Poland, Queen of Hungary
Eliška Junková
Eliška Krásnohorská
Eliška Pešková
Ella Barowsky
Ella Kay
Ella Lingens
Ella Trebe
Ellen Ammann
Ellen Epstein
Ellen Fries
Ellen Gleditsch
Ellen Key
Ellen MacArthur
Ellen Widmann
Elli Voigt
Ellie Lambeti
Ellis Kaut
Elly Heuss-Knapp
Elly Ney
Elly Staegmeyr
Elna Munch
Elsa Beskow
Elsa Bienenfeld
Elsa Borg
Elsa Brändström
Elsa De Giorgi
Elsa Frison
Elsa Ledetsch
Elsa Merlini
Elsa Morante
Elsa Rendschmidt
Elsa Triolet
Elsa Wagner
Elsa of Brabant
Else Alfelt
Else Ernestine Neuländer-Simon
Else Feldmann
Else Frenkel-Brunswik
Else Jahn
Else Lasker-Schüler
Else Lüders
Else Rosenfeld
Else Ury
Else Wohlgemuth
Elvira Notari
Elvira Velez
Elżbieta Drużbacka
Elżbieta Zahorska
Elżbieta Zawacka
Emanuela Loi
Emanuelle Macrone
Emilia Fogelklou
Emilia Gierczak
Emilia Malessa
Emilia Pardo Bazán
Emilia Plater
Emilia Pérez Ballester
Emilia Sczaniecka
Emilie Högquist
Emilie Lehmus
Emilie Louise Flöge
Emily Brontë
Emily Greene Balch
Emma Amadei
Emma Calvé
Emma Carelli
Emma Freundlich
Emma Gad
Emma Gaggiotti Richards
Emma Gramatica
Emma Herwegh
Emma Ihrer
Emma Penella
Emma Perodi
Emma Strada
Emmy Destinn
Emmy Noether
Emmy Rappe
Emmy Zehden
Empress Elisabeth of Austria
Empress Maria Anna of Austria
Emília Coranty Llurià
Emília Eduarda
Emília Llorca Martin
Emília Márkus
Emília das Neves
Engratia of Segovia
Enrica Calabresi
Enrica von Handel-Mazzetti
Erika Cremer
Erika Köth
Erika Mann
Erika Mitterer
Erika Nissen
Erika von Brockdorff
Ermelinda Rigon
Erminia Frezzolini
Erminia Fuà Fusinato
Erna Berger
Erna Eckstein
Erna Lesky
Erna Musik
Erna Sack
Erna Samuel
Erne Seder
Ernestina Manuel de Villena
Ernestine Caroline Tübbecke
Ernestine Coché
Erni Singerl
Ersilia Majno
Ervina Dragman
Erzsi Gervay
Erzsébet Házy
Erzsébet Kol
Erzsébet Szilágyi
Esperanza Elena Caro
Esperia Sperani
Estefania de Requesens i Roís de Liori
Estelle Juste
Ester Boserup
Ester Ellqvist
Esther Ammundsen
Esther Møller
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Maria Pettenbeck
Maria Pezzé-Pascolato
Maria Pia of Savoy
Maria Piotrowiczowa
Maria Pita
Maria Polydouri
Maria Potesil
Maria Probst
Maria Prymachenko
Maria Reich
Maria Rodziewiczówna
Maria Rosa da Veiga Araújo, Viscondessa dos Olivais
Maria Rosetti
Maria Rygier
Maria Röhl
Maria Sandel
Maria Schell
Maria Sibylla Merian
Maria Skobtsova
Maria Tarnowska
Maria Teresa Agnesi Pinottini
Maria Teresa Ambrósio
Maria Teresa Gonzalez-Quevedo Cadarso
Maria Teresa Regard
Maria Teresa de Noronha
Maria Terwiel
Maria Theresa of Austria
Maria Theresa of Spain
Maria Theresia von Paradis
Maria Torribia
Maria Tusch
Maria Tănase
Maria Ulrich
Maria Veleda
Maria Vila i Panadès
Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo
Maria Wimmer
Maria Wittek
Maria Wysłouchowa
Maria Zduniak
Maria da Fonte
Maria da Luz de Deus Ramos
Maria de Lourdes Belchior
Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo
Maria de Lourdes de Mello e Castro
Maria de Maeztu Whitney
Maria de Orúe
Maria von Schwarzwald
Maria von Trapp
Maria Żabczyńska
Maria, Queen of Sicily
Maria-Letizia Bonaparte
Mariana Villar
Mariana de Jesús
Mariana de Pineda Muñoz
Marianna Bulgarelli
Marianna Candidi Dionigi
Marianne Brandt
Marianne Breslauer
Marianne Hainisch
Marianne Hapig
Marianne Hoppe
Marianne Plehn
Marianne Pollak
Marianne Schönauer
Marianne von Rantzau
Marianne von Werefkin
Marica Barić
Marie Adélaïde of Savoy
Marie Amalie Barlow
Marie Anatour
Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien
Marie Catherine Rogissart
Marie Champmeslé
Marie Christ
Marie Cibulková
Marie Curie
Marie Depage
Marie Geistinger
Marie Grünberg
Marie Gutheil-Schoder
Marie Hackin
Marie Heim-Vögtlin
Marie Jahoda
Marie Joséphine of Savoy
Marie Juchacz
Marie Kotrbová
Marie Lang
Marie Laurencin
Marie Laurent
Marie Louise I, Duchess of Parma
Marie Louise de Bauffremont
Marie Luise Kaschnitz
Marie Léonide Charvin
Marie Majerová
Marie Moinon
Marie Moravcová
Marie Pape-Carpantier
Marie Pappenheim
Marie Podvalová
Marie Politzer
Marie Popelin
Marie Pujmanová
Marie Vassilieff
Marie Weiler
Marie Wille
Marie d'Agoult
Marie de Miribel
Marie de Régnier
Marie de' Medici
Marie of Hesse-Kassel
Marie of Lorraine
Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
Marie-Andrée Lagroua Weill-Hallé
Marie-Anne Leroudier
Marie-Catherine Debrousse
Marie-Catherine Troiani
Marie-Elisabeth Lüders
Marie-Elisabeth von Humboldt
Marie-Eléonore de Bellefond
Marie-Eugénie de Jésus
Marie-Françoise-Célestine-Gabrielle de Vintimille du Luc
Marie-Hélène Lefaucheux
Marie-Jeanne de Lalande
Marie-José Nicoli
Marie-Louise Dubreil-Jacotin
Marie-Louise Jaÿ
Marie-Louise Kinet
Marie-Louise Rochebillard
Marie-Louise von Motesiczky
Marie-Luise Jahn
Marie-Madeleine Fourcade
Marie-Thérèse-Jeanne Camusel
Marieluise Fleißer
Marietta Alboni
Marietta Blau
Marietta Martin
Marija Braut
Marija Jambrišak
Marija Jurić Zagorka
Marija Radić
Marijana Radev
Marika Kotopouli
Marilyn Monroe
Marina Tsvetaeva
Marina Vega
Marisa Bellisario
Marisa Mell
Marisa Musu
Mariya Borovichenko
Mariya Kapnist
Marko Vovchok
Marlen Haushofer
Marlene Dietrich
Marta Krásová
Marta Mata
Marta Steinsvik
Marte Harell
Martha Arendsee
Martha Christensen
Martha Fontane
Martha Näbauer
Martha Rohs
Martha Ruben-Wolf
Martha Steffy Browne
Martha Tynæs
Martha, mother of Simeon Stylites the Younger
Marthe Simard
Martina of Rome
Martine Durlach
Maruja Mallo
Mary Euphrasia Pelletier
Mary I of England
Mary Magdalene
Mary Shelley
Mary Victoria Douglas-Hamilton
Mary Ward
Mary Ward
Mary of Burgundy
Mary of Clopas
Mary of Hungary
Mary of Teck
Mary, Queen of Scots
Maryam Mirzakhani
Maryse Bastié
Maryse Hilsz
María Ana Mogas Fontcuberta
María Blanchard
María Casares
María Dolores Rodríguez Sopeña
María Edwards
María Fernández Coronel
María Gaetana Agnesi
María Galiana
María Goyri
María Guerrero
María Ignacia Ibáñez
María Isidra de Guzmán y de la Cerda
María Josefa Massanés
María Laffitte
María Manuela Kirkpatrick
María Manuela Pignatelli de Aragón y Gonzaga
María Martín
María Martínez Sierra
María Moliner
María Paz Martínez Unciti
María Rafols Bruna
María Teresa Acosta
María Teresa León
María Teresa Sáenz de Heredia
María Tubau
María Zambrano
María de Echarri
María de Jesús de Ágreda
María de Molinillo
María de Padilla
María de Villota
María de Zayas
María de la Purísima de la Cruz
María de los Reyes Fuentes
María del Carmen González Ramos
María del Carmen Hernández Espinosa de los Monteros
María Ángeles Rivas Ureña
Mascha Kaléko
Mathilde Berghofer-Weichner
Mathilde Marchesi
Mathilde Vaerting
Mathilde Wesendonck
Mathilde Wildauer
Matilda Jungstedt
Matilda of Habsburg
Matilda of Ringelheim
Matilda of Tuscany
Matilde Bensaúde
Matilde Díez
Matilde Landa Vaz
Matilde Rosa Lopes de Araújo
Matilde Serao
Matilde del Sagrado Corazón
Matrona of Barcelona
Matylda Čiháková
Maud Frère
Maud of Savoy
Maud of Wales
Maxie Wander
May Ayim
Mela Koehler
Mela Spira
Melania the Younger
Melina Mercouri
Melitta Bentz
Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg
Mercedes de Velilla
Mercedes of Orléans
Mercè Rodoreda
Mercè Sala i Schnorkowski
Metilde Viscontini Dembowski
Mieczysława Ćwiklińska
Mila Dimitrijević
Milada Horáková
Mildred Harnack
Mildred Scheel
Milica Mihičić
Milka Ternina
Miloslava Münzbergerová
Mimi Grossberg
Minna Cauer
Minna Todenhagen
Mioara Luiza Mirea
Mira Lobe
Mireille Hartuch
Mireille Knoll
Mireille Renouvin
Miriam Mafai
Miriam Makeba
Mirita Casimiro
Mirjam David
Mirosława Chamcówna
Mizzi Zwerenz
Moa Martinson
Modesta Rossi
Mollie Faustman
Mona Lisa Steiner
Monica Bleibtreu
Monica Vitti
Monica Zetterlund
Monica of Hippo
Monique Antoine
Monique Rifflet-Knauer
Montserrat Casals Couturier
Montserrat Roca i Baltà
Montserrat Roig
Mor Go'hjerta
Mother Teresa
Muriel Gardiner
Myriam Monsonégo
Mária Gyurkovics
Mária Lebstück
Mária Mezei
Mécia Mouzinho de Albuquerque
Nada Klaić
Nadezhda Russo
Nadine Gordimer
Nadine Helbig
Nafissa Sid Cara
Nanette Bald
Narcisa Freixas
Narcyza Żmichowska
Nasta Rojc
Natalia Gheorghiu
Natalia Ginzburg
Natalia Gąsiorowska
Natalia Uzhviy
Natalia of Cordoba
Natalie Zahle
Nathalie Lemel
Nathalie Sarraute
Natália Correia
Natércia Freire
Nazaria Ignacia
Neda Krmpotić
Nell Walden
Nella Mortara
Nellie Melba
Nelly Sachs
Neus Bouza Gil
Neus Català Pallejà
Nevenka Topalušić
Nicole Chouraqui
Nicole Fontaine
Nicole Girard-Mangin
Nicole-Reine Lepaute
Nicoline Hambro
Nielsine Nielsen
Nilde Iotti
Nina Einhorn
Nina Gned
Nina Langlet
Nina Marques Pereira
Nina Siciliana
Nina Simone
Nina Vavra
Ninni Kronberg
Niña de la Alfalfa
Nora Federici
Nora Ricci
Norma Cossetto
Norma Pratelli Parenti
Novella Parigini
Oda Olberg
Oda Schaefer
Odette de Saint-Maurice
Odile of Alsace
Ofelia Nieto
Oksana Petrusenko
Oksana Steshenko
Olena Teliha
Olga Benário Prestes
Olga Boznańska
Olga Chekhova
Olga Constantinovna of Russia
Olga Drahonowska-Małkowska
Olga Ehrenhaft-Steindler
Olga Havlová
Olga Misař
Olga Ossani
Olga Perl
Olga Ramos
Olga Vrabie
Olga Wisinger-Florian
Olga of Kyiv
Olha Kobylianska
Olimpia Maidalchini
Olivia Nielsen
Olivia of Palermo
Olly Schwarz
Olympe de Gouges
Ondina Valla
Opportuna of Montreuil
Oriana Fallaci
Orietta Doria-Pamphilj-Landi
Othilie Tonning
Otilia Castellví
Ottilia Jacobsen
Ottilie Baader
Ottilie Bondy
Ottilie Pohl
Ottilie Wildermuth
Otýlie Beníšková
Our Lady of Fátima
Our Lady of Guadalupe, Mexico
Our Lady of Loreto
Our Lady of Lourdes
Our Lady of Mount Carmel
Our Lady of Peace
Palma Bucarelli
Palmira Bastos
Pamphile of Epidaurus
Panna Cinka
Paola Borboni
Paola Drigo
Paola Masino
Paola Zancani Montuoro
Paraskeva Pyatnitsa
Paraskeva of the Balkans
Pastora Imperio
Paula Frassinetti
Paula Fürst
Paula Hahn-Weinheimer
Paula Hirschfeld
Paula Ludwig
Paula Menari
Paula Montal Fornés
Paula Thiede
Paula Wessely
Paula of Rome
Paula von Preradović
Pauline Bonaparte
Pauline Jaricot
Pauline Kergomard
Pauline Léon
Pauline Staegemann
Pauline von Metternich
Penelope Delta
Pepita de Oliva
Perenelle Flamel
Pernette Du Guillet
Petra Kelly
Petra Moll
Philippa of Lancaster
Philippine Schick
Philippine Welser
Philomène Magnin
Pia Maria Plechl
Pia Nalli
Pierina Scaramella
Pilar Lorengar
Pilar Mercedes Miró Romero
Pilar Millán Astray
Pilar de Madariaga Rojo
Pina López-Gay
Pina Menichelli
Pippi Longstocking
Piroska Laczkovich
Plautilla Bricci
Pola Gojawiczyńska
Pola Negri
Pomponia Graecina
Poppaea Sabina
Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria
Princess Alexandra of Bavaria
Princess Alexandra of Greece
Princess Alexandrine of Prussia
Princess Astrid, Mrs. Ferner
Princess Augusta Amalia, Duchess of Leuchtenberg
Princess Cecilie Viktoria of Prussia
Princess Clémentine, Princess Napoléon
Princess Dietlinde of Bavaria
Princess Elvira of Bavaria
Princess Eugénie of Sweden
Princess Friederike of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Princess Gundelinde of Bavaria
Princess Helmtrud of Bavaria
Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy
Princess Ileana of Romania
Princess Ingeborg, Duchess of Västergötland
Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine
Princess Isabella of Bavaria
Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium
Princess Louise of Belgium
Princess Louise of Orléans
Princess Louise of Prussia
Princess Mafalda of Savoy
Princess Margaret of Connaught
Princess Margaret of Prussia
Princess Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg
Princess Maria Clotilde of Savoy
Princess Maria Felicita of Savoy
Princess Marie Louise of Savoy
Princess Marie of Orléans
Princess Mathilde of Saxony
Princess Märtha of Sweden
Princess Pilar of Bavaria
Princess Ragnhild, Mrs. Lorentzen
Princess Sophia of Nassau
Princess Stéphanie of Belgium
Princess Theresa of Bavaria
Princess Therese of Saxe-Altenburg
Princess Wiltrud, Duchess of Urach
Princess Yolanda of Savoy
Pupella Maggio
Pálné Veres
Públia Hortênsia de Castro
Queen Bárbara of Spain
Queen Elisabeth of Belgium
Queen Elisabeth of Romania
Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother
Queen Fabiola of Belgium
Queen Maria-Oltea
Queen Marie of Romania
Queen Marie-José of Italy
Queen Paola of Belgium
Queen Sofía of Spain
Queen Sophia of Greece
Queen Stephanie of Portugal
Rachel Carson
Rafaela Aparicio
Rafaela Porras y Ayllón
Rafaela Serrano Rodríguez
Rafaela Ybarra de Vilallonga
Raffaella Carrà
Raffaella La Crociera
Ragna Nielsen
Ragnhild Grågås
Rahel Hirsch
Rahel Straus
Rahel Varnhagen
Rajka Baković
Raquel Gameiro
Raquel Meller
Regina Ullmann
Regina von Siebold
Renata Bianchi
Renata Zwoźniakowa
Renata of Lorraine
Renée Lechartier
Renée Richard
Renée Sabran
Renée Vivien
Rhea Silvia
Rhoda Erdmann
Ria Burkei
Ricarda Huch
Rigoberta Menchú
Rina De Liguoro
Rina Monti
Rina Morelli
Rita Atria
Rita Barcelo y Pages
Rita Bonnat
Rita Brunetti
Rita Levi-Montalcini
Rita Luna
Rita Montagnana
Rita Rosani
Rita Thalmann
Rocio Jurado
Rocío Dúrcal
Romanie Van Dijck
Romy Schneider
Ronia the Robber's Daughter
Rosa Agazzi
Rosa Aschenbrenner
Rosa Bavarrese
Rosa Bonheur
Rosa Chiarina Scolari
Rosa Damasceno
Rosa Fischer
Rosa Garibaldi
Rosa Heinz
Rosa Jochmann
Rosa Kempf
Rosa Lanzlott
Rosa Luxemburg
Rosa María de Castro y Centurión
Rosa Massara De Capitani
Rosa Mayreder
Rosa Molas y Vallés
Rosa Papier
Rosa Parks
Rosa Reinglass
Rosa Sabater
Rosa Sensat
Rosa Valetti
Rosalba Carriera
Rosalia Chladek
Rosalie Rendu
Rosalie Uyttenhove
Rosalía de Castro
Rosanna Benzi
Rosario Pino
Rosario Valpuesta
Rosario de Acuña
Rose Faurite
Rose Valland
Rose Venerini
Rose of Lima
Rose of Viterbo
Rosellina Balbi
Rosemarie Fendel
Rosemarie Polkorab
Rosemonde Pujol
Rosetta Pampanini
Rosette Anday
Rosina Anselmi
Rosina Ferrario
Rosina Muzio Salvo
Rosl Berndt
Rozalia Celakówna
Rubina Rana
Ruth Baumgarte
Ruth Beutler
Ruth Brinkmann
Ruth Drexel
Ruth Leuwerik
Ruth Reese
Ruth Schaumann
Ruth Stephan
Ruxandra Lupu
Régine Lemberger
Róza Laborfalvi
Róża Ostrowska
Růžena Nasková
Sabine Oberhauser
Sabine Zlatin
Saint Afra
Saint Alice
Saint Anne
Saint Apollonia
Saint Avoye
Saint Balbina
Saint Barbara
Saint Bibiana
Saint Cecilia
Saint Christina of Persia
Saint Faith
Saint Laura
Saint Lucy
Saint Marcellina
Saint Margaret of Scotland
Saint Markella
Saint Petronilla
Saint Prisca
Saint Rita of Cascia
Saint Rosalia
Saint Sabina
Saint Silvia
Saint Susanna
Saint Ursula
Saint Venera
Saint Veronica
Saint Walpurga
Samaritan woman at the well
Sancha of Majorca
Santa Limbania
Sara Benoliel
Sara Elisabeth Moræa
Sara Lidman
Sarah Affonso
Sarah Bernhardt
Sarah Goldberg
Sarah Monod
Sarolta Monspart
Savina Petrilli
Savka Dabčević-Kučar
Sella Hasse
Selma Kurz
Selma Lagerlöf
Selma Steinmetz
Serena of Rome
Settimia Spizzichino
Sibilla Aleramo
Sida Košutić
Sidonie Scharfe
Signe Hebbe
Sigrid Gustafsdotter Banér
Sigrid Hjertén
Sigrid Onégin
Sigrid Undset
Silvana Mangano
Silvia Zenari
Silvina Ocampo
Simone Iff
Simone Michel-Lévy
Simone Signoret
Simone Veil
Simone Weil
Simone de Beauvoir
Simonetta Tosi
Siri Derkert
Sissy Löwinger
Sister Lúcia
Slava Raškaj
Smaranda Brăescu
Snow White
Sofi Almquist
Sofia Bisi Albini
Sofia Galechko
Sofia Kovalevskaya
Sofia Laskaridou
Sofia Schliemann
Sofie Brahe, Heiress of Knusdtrup
Sofie Podlipská
Sofonisba Anguissola
Sofía Casanova
Soledad Becerril
Soledad Cazorla Prieto
Soledad Miranda
Soledad Torres Acosta
Sonia Cluceru
Sonia Delaunay
Sonia Rykiel
Sonja Henie
Sonja Lerch
Sophia Charlotte of Hanover
Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen
Sophia of Halshany
Sophia the Martyr
Sophie Adlersparre
Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Sophie Germain
Sophie Lazarsfeld
Sophie Menter
Sophie Rostopchine, Comtesse de Ségur
Sophie Sager
Sophie Scholl
Sophie Schröder
Sophie Stehle
Sophie Taeuber-Arp
Sophie Wilhelmine Marie Koberwein
Sophie de Marbois-Lebrun, Duchess of Plaisance
Sophie of Brandenburg
Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
St. Teresa of Jesus Jornet
St. Zita
Stanisława Dowgiałłówna
Stanisława Leszczyńska
Stanisława Wysocka
Stefania Sempołowska
Stefania Skwarczyńska
Stefanie Kunke
Stefanie Nauheimer
Stefanina Moro
Stella Hohenfels
Stella Kadmon
Stella Klein-Löw
Stephanie Endres
Sue Ryder
Sunčana Škrinjarić
Susan Sontag
Susana Ben Susón
Susanna Fontanarossa
Susanne Schmida
Susi Nicoletti
Suzanne Chodowiecka
Suzanne Cocq
Suzanne Denglos-Fau
Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Masson
Suzanne Noël
Suzanne Tassier
Suzanne Valadon
Sylva Koscina
Sára Salkaházi
Sári Fedák
Tamara Ceban
Tamara Danz
Tea Bertasi
Teodora Lamadrid
Teresa Boetti Valvassura
Teresa Casati
Teresa Claramunt
Teresa De Gubernatis
Teresa Enríquez de Alvarado
Teresa Eustoquio Verzeri
Teresa Gnoli
Teresa Gomes
Teresa Gullace
Teresa Mattei
Teresa Noce
Teresa de Saldanha
Teresa del Niño Jesús y de San Juan de la Cruz
Teresa of Ávila
Teréz Nagyajtai
Tetiana Yablonska
Thea Rasche
Theanolte Bähnisch
Theodora of Wallachia
Theodosia of Tyre
Therese Danner
Therese Giehse
Therese Göschl
Therese Jauzat
Therese Klostermann
Therese Krones
Therese Schlesinger-Eckstein
Therese Studer
Therese Wagner
Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Therese von Wüllenweber
Theroigne de Mericourt
Thit Jensen
Thusnelda Lang-Brumann
Thérèse Pierre
Thérésa Tallien
Tina Blau
Tina Di Lorenzo
Tina Modotti
Tina Pica
Titina De Filippo
Toni Lessler
Toni Pfülf
Tove Maës
Tresina Boronat i Fabra
Trota of Salerno
Trude Dothan
Trude Fleischmann
Trude Waehner
Urraca of Zamora
Ursula Goetze
Ursula Herking
Ursula Ledóchowska
Ute Bock
Ute Strittmatter
Valborg Tveter
Valentina Pinelo
Valeria Koch
Valeria Moriconi
Valeria of Milan
Valeska Gert
Vali Korompai
Vally Weigl
Vera Brittain
Vera Ferra-Mikura
Vera Figner
Vera Nilsson
Vera Schwarz
Vera Siöcrona
Vera Vassalle
Verena Buben
Veronica Gambara
Veronica Micle
Vesna Parun
Vicki Baum
Victoire Léodile Béra
Victoria Benedictsson
Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
Victoria Kent
Victoria of Baden
Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
Victoria, Princess Royal
Viktoria Luise, Duchess Consort of Brunswick
Viktorine von Butler-Haimhausen
Vilma Glücklich
Vilma Hugonnai
Vilma Steindling
Vincentia Maria López y Vicuña
Violant of Hungary
Violante do Ceo
Violeta Parra chipapija
Virgin Mary
Virginia Bourbon del Monte
Virginia Centurione Bracelli
Virginia Reiter
Virginia Tonelli
Virginia Woolf
Virginie Plas
Virgínia Quaresma
Virgínia Rau
Virgínia Vitorino
Vittoria Aganoor
Vittoria Colonna
Vittoria Giorni
Vittoria Nenni
Vivi Gioi
Vivian Maier
Višnja Stahuljak
Vlasta Hilská
Vlasta Průchová
Věra Aubrechtová
Waltraud Krause
Wanda Capodaglio
Wanda Jordan-Łowińska
Wanda Kallenbach
Wanda Modlibowska
Wanda Osiris
Wanda Ramos
Wanda Rutkiewicz
Wanda Telakowska
Wangari Muta Maathai
Wendela Hebbe
Wiktoria Kawecka
Wilhelmine Duncker
Wilhelmine Gemberg
Wilhelmine Luise Mencken
Wilhelmine Mitterwurzer
Wilhelmine Moik
Wilhelmine Montléart
Wilhelmine Reichard
Wilhelmine von Hillern
Wisława Szymborska
Włada Majewska
Yelizaveta Chaikina
Yevheniia Miroshnychenko
Yolande of Valois
Yvette Guilbert
Yvette Vincent-Alleaume
Yvonne Jospa
Yvonne Le Tac
Yvonne Nèvejean
Zabel Yesayan
Zaha Hadid
Zaida of Seville
Zdena Lyckova
Zdenka Braunerová
Zdeňka Baldová
Zdeňka Nyplová
Zelda Kaplan
Zelia Nuttall
Zenobia Camprubí
Zenzl Mühsam
Zerline Gabillon
Zinka Milanov
Zita Zehner
Zoe Fontana
Zoe Golescu
Zofia Gumińska
Zofia Koniarkowa
Zofia Kossak-Szczucka
Zofia Nałkowska
Zofia Oleśnicka
Zofia Stryjeńska
Zofia Tajber
Zofia Wóycicka
Zoia Gaidai
Zsuzsa Körmöczy
Zsuzsanna Kossuth
Zsuzsanna Lorántffy
Zsófia Torma
Zulejka Stefanini
Zuzana Navarová
Zuzanna Ginczanka
Zvjezdana Ladika
de Jesús, 1611-1682 Isabel
Àngels Garriga de Mata
Ángela Figuera Aymerich
Ángela Ruiz Robles
Ángeles García Madrid
Ângela Pinto
Ålov Einarsdatter
Édith Piaf
Édith Thomas
Éliane Jeannin-Garreau
Éliane Vogel-Polsky
Élisa Lemonnier
Élisabeth Boselli
Élisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun
Élise Hap
Élise Rivet
Éva Bertóti
Éveline Garnier
Évelyne Pisier
Ólafía Jóhannsdóttir
Ľudmila Podjavorinská

While gender equality is a complex issue that extends beyond just the names of our streets, the symbolic power of toponymy cannot be ignored. As we navigate through public spaces, we internalise the values and priorities that our community has chosen to uphold. Unfortunately, the current gender gap in street names is staggering, and this issue must be addressed. One way to make progress is to call upon the toponymy commissions of our cities to recognize this problem and take action to ensure that underrepresented figures and their invaluable contributions are acknowledged in our urban space. To learn more about the specific situation in each European city, be sure to read EDJNet's in-depth stories linked below.

Read our in-depth stories

OBC Transeuropa/
The gender gap in Europe’s street names is here to stay
The unbalance has slowly started to decrease in some places, but it would take centuries to overcome it.
OBC Transeuropa
The top figures in the streets of European capitals
White men and a few female saints top the ranking of the figures that appear most frequently in toponyms.
Did women live in Hungary at all?
Some Hungarian cities have no public space dedicated to women. A few exceptions exist.
 Read the original story
Only saint women make it to Italy’s streets
Just a handful of streets in Italy’s regional capitals are dedicated to women. They were mostly religious figures.
Deník Referendum
What do Prague’s street names say about us?
To compensate for existing gaps, the city now encourages neutral names, but it is an illusion.
 Read the original story
OBC Transeuropa
All the world’s regions ignored by our street names
Barely 0.1% of streets in major European cities commemorate non-white personalities.
Women have been erased from Zagreb’s history
A municipal committee in Zagreb wants to change the situation, but a series of obstacles is slowing down progress.
Budapest’s changing street names
A third of Budapest’s streets have been renamed at least once in their history. A look at the reasons for it.
Kyiv’s street names are being heavily de-russified
Ukrainian and Western figures have now taken the place of Soviet or Russian ones in Kyiv’s street names.

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Mapping Diversity is a project coordinated by OBC Transeuropa for the European Data Journalism Network, first published in March 2023. A pilot project on Italy was published in 2021.

Concept and editorial coordination: Giorgio Comai, Lorenzo Ferrari
Data collection and analysis: Giorgio Comai, Ornaldo Gjergji, Alice Corona
Design and development:
Homepage data storytelling: Alice Corona


The following members of the European Data Journalism Network contributed to the data collection: OBC Transeuropa, BiQdata/Gazeta Wyborcza, Denik Referendum, Divergente, El Orden Mundial, EUrologus/HVG, iMEdD, Voxeurop.


Street names and geographic data: © OpenStreetMap contributors, released under ODbL; © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries.

Information from Wikidata is available under a CC0-public domain licence.

To the extent that is possible, all remaining data and contents are released by EDJNet under a CC BY 4.0 licence.


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